06-05-2009 - Antimicrobial use; Surveillance reports show
Recent reports on the use of antibiotics in several European countries showed an increase in antimicrobial use over the past years. For example, in France, the veterinary use of antibiotics increased by 6.92% in 2007, according to the report on the 2007 antibiotic sales figures in veterinary practice in France, recently published by the Food safety agency (Afssa)11. Overall, the report notes an increase of 6.92% compared to 2006.
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Although lower than the 1999 figure, it is the highest figure of the past six years. Around half (50.5%) of the total amount of antibiotics sold were tetracyclines, of which 93% were used in the food animal production sector. quantity. Calculated per kg pork produced, 3.9% more antimicrobials were needed than in the previous year. Looking at the total quantity of antibiotics prescribed in 2007, this is nearly identical to that prior to the ban on antimicrobial growth promoters.
In the Netherlands, the amount of antibiotics sold in 2008 has decreased by 12%, according to FIDIN (the Dutch veterinary pharmaceutical federation),
compared to a 9%-increase in 2007. However, a recent study that looked at the average daily dose an animal received, found that more antimicrobials
were prescribed in the Netherlands than in other European countries. It also found that, when looking at the period 2004-2006, the quantity of antibiotics used was clearly on the increase.
The FVE is currently carrying out an inventory among its member organisations regarding the prudent use of antimicrobials or other initiatives used
to combat antimicrobial resistance.
Apart from the type of initiatives (e.g.guidelines, training courses, quality schemes, surveillance of antimicrobial use...), FVE also aims to collect information about who is taking these actions (e.g. the professional body, the competent authorities, teaching establishments...).